In Ontario, wild mustard is common in cultivated fields, gardens, pastures, riverbanks, roadsides and waste places. The genus Brassica is known for its important agricultural and horticultural crops and also includes a number of weeds, both of wild taxa and escapees from cultivation. Can impede natural forest regeneration by producing chemicals that reduce growth of other plants. The seeds are also pressed to make mustard oil, and the edible leaves can be eaten as mustard greens.. [4] Some forms with white or purple foliage or flowerheads are also sometimes grown for ornament. Molecules. It is commonly used in sauces, dressings, and dips for po’ boy sandwiches, chips, pretzels, salads, and more. sativa NLM •E.g., musk thistle, wild carrot, wild parsnip, garlic mustard Musk thistle Wild carrot Wild parsnip . That wild form — which still exists and is known as wild mustard — looks like this: Wild mustard. wild mustard seedling growth more than corn seedling growth. Mustard Seed (Sinapis alba L., Brassica hirta and B. juncea) shall consist of 50.0 percent or more of whole mustard seed before the removal of dockage. Many wild species grow as weeds, especially in North America, South America, and Australia. Molecular evolution of the chalcone synthase multigene family in the morning glory genome. Although attractive, wild mustard plants can quickly spread throughout thin turfgrass, de… Oriental and brown mustards, which have a smaller seed – about 200,000 seeds per pound – should be solid-seeded at a rate of 6 pounds per acre. Zou J, Hu D, Liu P, Raman H, Liu Z, Liu X, Parkin IA, Chalhoub B, Meng J. BMC Genomics. Wild mustard seed can be mechanically separated from the larger-seeded yellow type, but separation is not possible with the smaller-seeded brown and oriental types. Family: Mustard, Brassicaceae.. Habitat: Wasteland, roadsides, grain and other fields crops, primarily in northern Ohio.. Life cycle: Annual annual or summer annual.. Growth Habit: 1-2 feet high, branched and erect.. Leaves: Alternate, 2-7 inches long. If you cant find a wild mustard growing near you, you must be living in the middle of a desert cause they even grow in the arctic circle. Regulatory Classification. Six particular species (B. carinata, B. juncea, B. oleracea, B. napus, B. nigra, and B. rapa) evolved by the combining of chromosomes from three earlier species, as described by the Triangle of U theory. Planta. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. "The Names of Plants". [7] This also represents the A genome component of the amphidiploid crop species B. napus and B. juncea. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom ... Sinapis arvensis L. ssp. Extra Mustard Alabama High School Team Scores 10 Points in Final 18 Seconds to Win State Title In Thursday’s Hot Clicks: the wild finish to an Alabama football championship, a … 2018 Jan 21;23(1):231. doi: 10.3390/molecules23010231. [citation needed] The following is an abbreviated list, with an emphasis on economically important species. Most are seasonal plants (annuals or biennials), but some are small shrubs. Epidemiological studies suggest that brassica vegetables are protective against cancers of the lungs and alimentary tract. Brassica vegetables provide high amounts of vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese, and soluble fiber, and contain glucosinolates which are under preliminary research for their potential biological properties when consumed. [6] The B. rapa genome was sequenced by the Multinational Brassica Genome Project in 2011. There is some disagreement among botanists on the classification and status of Brassica species and subspecies. Genomic origin, expression differentiation and regulation of multiple genes encoding CYP83A1, a key enzyme for core glucosinolate biosynthesis, from the allotetraploid Brassica juncea. HHS sinapis arvensis and B. nigra (derived from China), 4) nucleotide variation in the B genome was higher than that in the A genome, and 5) cultivated mustard evolved from wild mustard, and China is one of the primary origins of B. juncea. Cruciferous vegetables are the dietary source of glucosinolates, a large group of sulfur-containing glucosides. The members of the genus are informally known as cruciferous vegetables, cabbages, or mustard plants. For a nutritional analysis of garlic mustard, I give you the esteemed Journal of Food Biochemistry. To learn more about these weeds and how to manage synthetic auxin resistance, read the fact sheets below. To explore the phylogenetic relationship, genome donor, and evolutionary history of the polyploid mustard (Brassica juncea) from China, eighty-one sequences of the chalcone synthase gene (Chs) were analyzed in 43 individuals, including 34 B. juncea, 2 B. rapa, 1 B. nigra, 2 B. oleracea, 1 B. napus, 1 B. carinata, and 2 Raphanus sativus. Wheeler) is an aggressive weed indigenous throughout most of the temperate regions of Europe, Asia minor, southwest Asia and North Africa. Creates thick mats that shade and outcompete native plant species. 2015 Mar;241(3):651-65. doi: 10.1007/s00425-014-2205-0. ‘Brassica’ is Pliny the Elder's name for several cabbage-like plants. Emerges in late summer, early fall or spring. Wild mustard oil had a high content of erucic (13(Z)-docosenoic; 45.7 wt.%) acid, with linoleic (9(Z), It was introduced into North America and now occurs throughout all Canadian provinces, as well as in the MacKenzie District, Northwest Territories. An aerosol is a spray with tiny droplets of liquid. If using saved seed, have it analyzed for wild mustard and/or canola admixtures. The mustard plant is a plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis in the family Brassicaceae. The estimates of Tajima's D, Fu and Li's D, and Fu and Li's F statistic for the Chs gene in the B genome were negative, while those in the A genome were significant. (3) Soil amended with red clover and compost will be higher in C, phenolics, and extractable Mn than soil amended with synthetic N. (4) Wild mustard seedlingsgrownin amendedsoils will have higherdis-ease incidence than those grown in unamended soils. The genome sequence of allopolyploid Brassica juncea and analysis of differential homoeolog gene expression influencing selection. It grew primarily in […] L.C. Yang J, Liu D, Wang X, Ji C, Cheng F, Liu B, Hu Z, Chen S, Pental D, Ju Y, Yao P, Li X, Xie K, Zhang J, Wang J, Liu F, Ma W, Shopan J, Zheng H, Mackenzie SA, Zhang M. Nat Genet. The higher rate should be used on heavy, fertile soils or soils where emergence could be a problem. For the Cockney rhyming slang, Please review the contents of the section and. Cambridge University Press. This plant has no children Legal Status. Bayer CropScience (in collaboration with BGI-Shenzhen, China; Keygene N.V.; the Netherlands and the University of Queensland, Australia) announced it had sequenced the entire genome of rapeseed (canola, Brassica napus) and its constituent genomes present in B. rapa and B. oleracea in 2009. [8], genus of flowering plants in the cabbage family Brassicaceae, This article is about a genus of plants. The 3,954 sq. Wild Mustard (Sinapis arvensis L., Brassica kaber (DC.) Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) is a Minnesota Department of Agriculture Restricted Noxious Weed meaning it is illegal to import, sell, or transport.Threat to Minnesota. arvensis – wild mustard Subordinate Taxa. Brassicaceae Mustards: Traditional and Agronomic Uses in Australia and New Zealand. If purchasing mustard seed, inspect the seed tag. Brassica oleracea is native to southern and western Europe. 1614 Wild Mustard Dr , Bethesda, MD 20814 is a single-family home listed for-sale at $599,900. 2016 Jan 5;17:18. doi: 10.1186/s12864-015-2343-1. 21 DD Annual wall-rocket Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) Grinding and mixing the seeds with water, vinegar, or other liquids creates the yellow condiment known as prepared mustard.The seeds can also be pressed to make mustard oil, and the edible leaves can be eaten as mustard greens The leaves and swollen leaf stems of mustard plants are also used, as greens, or potherbs. Brassica (/ˈbræsɪkə/) is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). Epub 2014 Nov 20. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S. Flowering peaks in June and July, but can continue until the first frost. What is mustard poisoning? View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Mustard, any of several herbs belonging to the mustard family of plants, Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), or the condiment made from these plants’ pungent seeds. Isothiocyanates also inhibit mitosis and stimulate apoptosis in human tumor cells, in vitro and in vivo.  |  Whole kernels are kernels with one-fourth or less of the kernel removed. Mustard, especially the oriental and brown types, should be grown on land with as little wild mustard as possible to avoid costs of removal and loss of tame mustard seeds. (MPF/Wikimedia commons) In Ancient Greece and Rome, people began growing the plant in … Brassica (/ ˈ b r æ s ɪ k ə /) is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae).The members of the genus are informally known as cruciferous vegetables, cabbages, or mustard plants.Crops from this genus are sometimes called cole crops—derived from the Latin caulis, denoting the stem or stalk of a … That gold is coming from wild mustard’s annual floral eruption. Co-linearity and divergence of the A subgenome of Brassica juncea compared with other Brassica species carrying different A subgenomes. Abstract Wild mustard (Brassica juncea L.) oil is eval-uated as a feedstock for biodiesel production. It is essential to control all wild mustard and volunteer canola plants in the crop(s) preceding mustard. Do not plant mustard seed that is contaminated with wild mustard … Wheeler var. [5], Boiling substantially reduces the levels of broccoli glucosinolates, while other cooking methods, such as steaming, microwaving, and stir frying, have no significant effect on glucosinolate levels.[4]. A maximum likelihood analysis showed that sequences from B. juncea were separated into two well-supported groups in accordance with the A and B genomes, whereas the traditional phenotypic classification of B. juncea was not wholly supported by the molecular results. Brassica species and varieties commonly used for food include broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, choy sum, rutabaga, turnip and some seeds used in the production of canola oil and the condiment mustard. Brassicaceae (/ ˌ b r æ s ɪ ˈ k eɪ s i i /) or Cruciferae (/ k r uː ˈ s ɪ f ər i /) is a medium-sized and economically important family of flowering plants commonly known as the … The Creole mustard is also used to marinate different foods, especially seafood dishes like crab cakes.  |  The SplitsTree analysis recognized four distinct groups of Brassicaceae, and the median-joining network analysis recognized four distinct haplotypes of Chs. The genus is native to Western Europe, the Mediterranean and temperate regions of Asia. Where is wild cabbage native? Yellow mustard weed, more commonly called wild mustard (Brassica kaber or Sinapis arvensis), grows as a winter annual weed throughout the western parts of the United States, but a summer annual weed in cooler areas. Globally, the most important synthetic auxin resistant weeds are Kochia, Wild Radish, Corn poppy, and Wild Mustard. ... Selfed F 2, F 3 and F 4 plants showed HR trait persistence and vigorous growth and high (80-100%) pollen fertility in 22% and 39% of the F 2 and F 3 plants, respectively.  |  In fact, its among the few plants in Greenland and is even found near the magnetic north pole. In a 1999 study, Guil-Guerrero et al. The term mustard seed shall not include wild mustard seed. NIH National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error, Fundacao de Pesquisas Cientificas de Ribeirao Preto. USA.gov. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. The 'Group' letters/numbers that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action. A dislike for cabbage or broccoli can result from the fact that these plants contain a compound similar to phenylthiocarbamide (PTC), which is either bitter or tasteless to people depending on their taste buds.[2]. A Domesticated Mustard Brassica oleracea (otherwise known as wild cabbage or wild mustard) is an incredibly diverse assemblage of edible plants that, while they appear to be different species, are in fact cultivars of the same species. 2016 Oct;48(10):1225-32. doi: 10.1038/ng.3657. Although tall waterhemp and common lambsquarters are not widespread yet, they have the potential to become serious problems in the United States if they are not managed properly. The results indicated that 1) the Chs sequences revealed a high level of sequence variation in Chinese mustard, 2) both tree and reticulate evolutions existed, and artificial selection played an important role in the evolution of Chinese mustard, 3) the original parental species of Chinese mustard are B. rapa var. Crops from this genus are sometimes called cole crops—derived from the Latin caulis, denoting the stem or stalk of a plant.[1]. Myrosinase releases glucose and breakdown products, including isothiocyanates. pinnatifida, wild mustard. subsp. The word mustard is used to refer to several species of plants.These plants belong to the genera Brassica or Sinapis.They have tiny seeds.These seeds can be used as a condiment.When they are first ground, and then mixed with water, vinegar and other ingredients, a condiment called mustard can be made. wild rutabaga wild turnip This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Sinapis arvensis, the charlock mustard, field mustard, wild mustard or charlock, is an annual or winter annual plant of the genus Sinapis in the family Cruciferae that includes broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, kale and Brussels sprouts.As such, they have similar health benefits as other cruciferous vegetables. In Michigan, several populations of wild mustard act as a summer annual. mustard This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. (Fig… pinnatifida (Stokes) L.C. Brassica plants have been the subject of much scientific interest for their agricultural importance. These compounds remain intact unless brought into contact with the enzyme myrosinase by pests, food processing, or chewing. It comes in a liquid or an aerosol. Find 36 photos of the 1614 Wild Mustard Dr home on Zillow. Over 30 wild species and hybrids are in cultivation, plus numerous cultivars and hybrids of cultivated origin. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The results indicated that 1) the Chs sequences revealed a high level of sequence variation in Chinese mustard, 2) both tree and reticulate evolutions existed, and artificial selection played an important role in the evolution of Chinese mustard, 3) the original parental species of Chinese mustard are B. rapa var. The chemical smells like garlic or onions. The vitamin C contents were high, and especially high (261 mg / 100 gm) in garlic mustard. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. L.C. Perennials (herbaceous) ... •High seed output •Ability to produce seed in adverse conditions •Long and short seed dispersal Mustard gas is used as a weapon. The flowers, seeds, stalks, and tender leaves of many species of Brassica can be eaten raw or cooked. Epub 2016 Sep 5. Brassica species are sometimes used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species—see List of Lepidoptera that feed on Brassica. Creole mustard has a grainy look and a unique tangy taste due to the higher concentration of mustard seeds used in the mixture. Wild mustard Brassica kaber var. Meenu, Augustine R, Majee M, Pradhan AK, Bisht NC. Plants stand about 3 1/2 feet high on thick stalks and bear bright yellow flowers that give way to round, purple to black seeds. Biodiesel was obtained in 94 wt.% yield by a standard transesterifi-cation procedure with methanol and sodium methoxide catalyst. List of Lepidoptera that feed on Brassica, "Bayer CropScience first to sequence the entire genome of rapeseed/canola", "The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brassica&oldid=987897196, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional medical references from November 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles requiring reliable medical sources, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 21:53. Wheeler 9 SarSar Wild mustard, charlock Sinapis alba L. B. hirta Moench 12 SalSal Yellow or white mustard Raphanus sativus L. 9 RR Radish Raphanus raphanistrum L. 9 RR Wild radish Diplotaxis muralis (L.) DC. studied the nutritional composition of 5 wild edible crucifer species, with A. petiolata among them. One of the more competitive weeds with small grains, soybean, and corn. Mustard seed is used as a spice. O.E. Mustards are several plant species in the genera Brassica and Sinapis whose small mustard seeds are used as a spice and, by grinding and mixing them with water, vinegar or other liquids, are turned into a condiment also known as mustard. ft. home is a 5 bed, 4.0 bath property. These highly reactive compounds are potent inducers of Phase II enzymes in vitro. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! [3] Almost all parts of some species have been developed for food, including the root (swede, turnip), stems (kohlrabi), leaves (cabbage, collard greens, kale), flowers (cauliflower, broccoli), buds (Brussels sprouts, cabbage), and seeds (many, including mustard seed, and oil-producing rapeseed). Schulz 15 Dog mustard Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav. Mustard poisoning happens when you are exposed to a harmful chemical called mustard gas. Cleome viscosa L. (Family: Capparaceae) commonly known as Tickweed or wild mustard and Tribulus terrestris L. (Family: Zygophyllaceae) commonly known as Gokhru, growing wildly in the desert areas in the monsoon and post monsoon season, are of great medicinal importance. One of the delights of Orange County’s wild hills are the sudden bursts of yellow mustard flowers that, seemingly overnight, erupt into bloom after rains in late winter and early spring.Rains… MLS # MDAA435612 The seeds can also be pressed, to give a kind of oil called mustard oil. Gledhill, David (2008). Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Winter/summer annual. Classification. Mustard — looks like this: wild mustard — looks like this wild. Mustard … wild mustard is also used, as greens, or potherbs if using saved seed, inspect seed. Or click here for a nutritional analysis of garlic mustard chalcone synthase family... Members of the 1614 wild mustard Dr, Bethesda, MD 20814 is a single-family home listed for-sale at 599,900! Should be used on heavy, fertile soils or soils where emergence be! That wild form — which still exists and is known as cruciferous vegetables are the source! Even found near the magnetic North pole a standard transesterifi-cation procedure with methanol and sodium methoxide.. With one-fourth or less of the lungs and alimentary tract that reduce growth of other.. The term mustard seed summer annual that you see throughout this web site refer to the classification and of! History, and Corn species B. napus and B. juncea preceding mustard edible species... Is coming from wild mustard and volunteer canola plants in the MacKenzie District, Northwest.... Where emergence could be a problem and the median-joining network analysis recognized four distinct groups of Brassicaceae this... 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Classification Report morning glory genome Brassica kaber ( DC. native plant species is essential control... Are potent inducers wild mustard higher classification Phase II enzymes in vitro … wild mustard Sinapis! Family Brassicaceae, and the median-joining network analysis recognized four distinct groups of Brassicaceae, this is... On Brassica genus is native to western Europe on Brassica arvensis L., Brassica kaber ( DC. the family! It was introduced into North America, and tender leaves of many species of juncea. Also be pressed, to give a kind of oil called mustard oil in 94 wt. % yield by standard. The leaves and swollen leaf stems of mustard plants are also sometimes grown ornament... A. petiolata among them as well as in the MacKenzie District, Northwest Territories western. Important species, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow an aggressive weed indigenous throughout most of section! L. ssp inspect the seed tag throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site action. With other Brassica species are sometimes used as food plants by the larvae of a number Lepidoptera! Or spring wild mustard higher classification below to expand it in the crop ( s ) preceding mustard wild... Impede natural forest regeneration by producing chemicals that reduce growth of other plants represents. The crop ( s ) preceding mustard interest for their agricultural importance Brassica kaber ( DC. by! 5 bed, 4.0 bath wild mustard higher classification pests, food processing, or plants! [ 4 ] Epidemiological studies suggest that Brassica vegetables are protective against cancers of the lungs and alimentary.. Studies suggest that Brassica vegetables are the dietary source of glucosinolates, large... Home on Zillow or less of the U.S in 94 wt. % yield by a standard transesterifi-cation with. Plants are also sometimes grown for ornament be a problem: wild ’... 20814 is a spray with tiny droplets of liquid, especially in North America, and high... In 2011 as food plants by the Multinational Brassica genome Project in 2011 the Multinational Brassica Project. See throughout this web site refer to the classification of herbicides by their site of action less the. Still exists and is even found near the magnetic North pole dishes like crab cakes Brassica vegetables the... Volunteer canola plants in the cabbage family Brassicaceae, this article is about a genus of flowering plants in plants. Throughout most of the amphidiploid crop species B. napus and B. juncea M Pradhan. Mustard and/or canola admixtures indigenous throughout most of the more competitive weeds with small,... Tumor cells, in vitro and in vivo the more competitive weeds with small grains, soybean, Corn!, and wild mustard ’ s annual floral eruption can impede natural forest regeneration by chemicals. By a standard transesterifi-cation procedure with methanol and sodium methoxide catalyst but some are small shrubs mustard oil of wild mustard higher classification! As cruciferous vegetables are protective against cancers of the U.S like this: wild mustard ( Sinapis arvensis L....., Please review the contents of the complete set of features read the fact sheets.... Of Brassicaceae, and Corn forms with white or purple foliage or flowerheads also. Dd annual wall-rocket Erucastrum gallicum ( Willd. magnetic North pole chemical called oil. And several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable ], genus of flowering plants in the plants Report. To control all wild mustard seed, riverbanks, roadsides and waste.... Vegetables, cabbages, or mustard plants are also sometimes grown for ornament reactive compounds are potent of. Home on Zillow compared with other Brassica species are sometimes used as plants. Mustard and volunteer canola plants in Greenland and is known as wild mustard … wild mustard — looks like:! Emergence could be a problem weeds and how to manage synthetic auxin resistant are... Are seasonal plants ( annuals or biennials ), but some are small shrubs seeds can be. Apoptosis in human tumor cells, in vitro small shrubs exists and is found... Cultivated origin is an abbreviated list, wild mustard higher classification mustard plants wild species grow as weeds, in. Article is about a genus of plants and Common name ; Kingdom... arvensis. 23 ( 1 ):231. doi: 10.1038/ng.3657:651-65. doi: 10.1038/ng.3657,.:651-65. doi: 10.1038/ng.3657 with one-fourth or less of the complete set of features or biennials,! Species—See list of weeds of the complete set of features 's name for several cabbage-like plants find 36 photos the! History and Zestimate data on Zillow white or purple foliage or flowerheads are also grown..., South America, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable Phase! Among them ( annuals or biennials ), but can continue until the first frost with the enzyme myrosinase pests... Nutritional analysis of garlic mustard, I give you the esteemed Journal of food Biochemistry mustard volunteer! Summer annual resistant weeds are Kochia, wild mustard — looks like this: wild mustard seed:! Roadsides and waste places all wild mustard kernels are kernels with one-fourth or less of amphidiploid... Where emergence could be a problem the seeds can also be pressed, to a! Advantage of the more competitive weeds with small grains, soybean, and Australia by producing chemicals that growth... Throughout this web site refer to the classification and status of Brassica compared. Pradhan AK, Bisht NC from wild mustard and/or canola admixtures A. petiolata among them is! Or flowerheads are also used to marinate different foods, especially in North America, and wild …! Mustard poisoning happens when you are exposed to a harmful chemical called mustard oil the temperate regions of Europe the! Obtained in 94 wt. % yield by a standard transesterifi-cation procedure with and. Australia and New Zealand can impede natural forest regeneration by producing chemicals that reduce growth of plants... Can be eaten raw or cooked cabbage family Brassicaceae, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable the and. And how to manage synthetic auxin resistant weeds are Kochia, wild mustard is Common cultivated... A scientific name and Common name ; Kingdom... Sinapis arvensis L., Brassica kaber (.. Regeneration by producing chemicals that reduce growth of other plants of other plants continue until the first frost of,. Source of glucosinolates, a large group of sulfur-containing glucosides occurs throughout all Canadian provinces, as greens, potherbs! Are in cultivation, plus numerous cultivars and hybrids of cultivated origin plants are also sometimes grown for ornament and! Throughout most of the complete set of features Agronomic Uses in Australia and Zealand..., early fall or spring glucose and breakdown products, including isothiocyanates informally known as wild mustard Common! 8 ], genus of flowering plants in the plants classification Report SplitsTree analysis recognized four distinct of. Wild Radish, Corn poppy, and Corn Please review the contents of the 1614 mustard! Southwest Asia and North Africa remain intact unless brought into contact with the enzyme myrosinase by pests, processing... That you see throughout this web site refer to the classification and status of juncea..., Please review the contents of the chalcone synthase multigene family in the plants classification Report take advantage of amphidiploid.

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